Do you have irregular periods?
Are you facing difficulty in conceiving?
If yes, get yourself checked for PCOD.
Dr. Anu Sidana is a leading Infertility Specialist and Gynecologist in Gurgaon with experience of 20 years. She is an expert in all fertility treatments, including PCOD treatment.
What is PCOD?
Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD) is a condition where the hormonal imbalances in a woman cause small follicular cysts to develop in the ovaries. These cysts are immature eggs that could not be discharged out of the ovary.
PCOD affects around 5% to 10% of women in the age group of 12-45 years. Missed periods or skipping cycles altogether is a common result of the same, and if not treated in time, it can cause other side-effects such as weight gain, acne, hair fall, excess hair growth, or difficulty in conceiving.
In PCOD, the ovaries get enlarged, and there is an excess secretion of androgen or male reproductive hormone and estrogen. This condition is usually diagnosed during an ultrasound to check for causes of menstrual irregularities.
Generally, people assume PCOD might interfere with pregnancy; this is not true. This condition does not spell infertility for all women.
Women can conceive in around 80% of the cases with proper PCOD treatment and have a hassle-free pregnancy.
For the other 20% who suffer from PCOD and are overweight, conceiving could be difficult.
However, Dr. Anu Sidana, a highly experienced and qualified gynecologist in Gurgaon, has successfully treated hundreds of patients with PCOD and unexplained infertility & helped them conceive.
What causes PCOD?
The exact cause of PCOD is not known. According to doctors, it can stem from higher inflammation levels, insulin resistance, and genes. Also, obesity, stress, dependency on junk food, and hormonal imbalances can give rise to PCOD.
What are the symptoms of PCOD?
Some of the common PCOD symptoms are:
- Irregular periods. Lack of ovulation prevents the uterine lining from shedding every month. Some women with PCOD have less than eight periods in a year.
- Heavy bleeding during periods as the uterine lining builds up for an extended period.
- Around 70% of women with PCOD have hirsutism, which is excess hair growth on the face and body, including chest, belly, and back. Often, they grow thicker and darker facial hair.
- Overweight or obese.
- The hair on the scalp gets thinner and fall off.
How does PCOD affect your body?
Higher levels of androgen can affect your fertility and cause other health issues. Women with PCOD have a higher risk of:
- Sleep apnea
- Metabolic syndrome
- Endometrial cancer
How is PCOD diagnosed?
Before starting with the PCOD treatment, Dr. Anu Sidana will ask you to undergo a few investigations like blood sugar estimation, thyroid hormone tests, ultrasound of the abdomen, and pelvis to confirm the diagnosis.
Pregnancy and PCOD
Women with PCOD have fertility problems as this condition interrupts the menstrual cycle making it harder to get pregnant. It may also increase the risk of complications during pregnancy.
Further, women with this condition are twice as likely to deliver prematurely and have a higher risk of miscarriage, gestational diabetes, and high blood pressure.
However, with precise PCOD treatments that improve ovulation, they can get pregnant. Moreover, women can improve their chances of having a healthy pregnancy by losing weight and lowering blood sugar levels.
PCOD is mostly corrected with the help of specific medications and lifestyle changes like diet and exercise. Losing 5 to 10 percent of your body weight can help improve your symptoms.
Birth control pills and other medications help regulate the menstrual cycle and help treat PCOD symptoms such as acne and hair growth.
If these treatments do not work to improve fertility, the doctor may recommend surgery. Ovarian drilling procedure helps to restore normal ovulation.
PCOD treatment cost
The PCOD treatment cost mostly depends on the type and duration of the treatment. As every individual is unique, they have different symptoms and issues, and the doctor treats them accordingly.
However, Dr. Anu Sidana offers affordable PCOD treatment costs as she believes that every person has an equal right to medical help.
Frequently Asked Questions
Q. How do I cut down the risk of PCOD?
Women of every age should follow a good lifestyle like:
- Regular exercise
- Having a healthy and colorful diet rich in vitamins and minerals.
- Leading a good and disciplined lifestyle
- Avoid or minimize tobacco and alcohol intake.
- Managing stress in a better way.
Q. When should I consult the doctor?
You should visit the doctor if:
- You have missed periods, but you are not pregnant.
- Have hair growth on your face and body.
- Unable to get pregnant after trying for 12 months.
- Have diabetic symptoms such as excessive thirst or hunger, unexplained weight loss, or blurred vision
Q. Do I need to consult the doctor regularly if I have PCOD?
Yes, if you have PCOD, you need to visit your doctor regularly. You will have to undergo periodic tests to check for high blood pressure, diabetes, and other complications.