PCOD (Polycystic Ovarian Disease) is a prevalent condition in most young women. It is a major ailment concerning many young females in Gurgaon.
PCOD strikes mostly at an early age; hence, a substantial number of young adults go through this problem. The average age group suffering from PCOD is between 18 and 45 years.
Do you think you may be suffering from PCOD as well? Here Dr. Anu Sidana, gynecologist in Ashok Vihar, Gurgaon has given all the necessary information that will clear your doubts and help you pursue treatment.
Causes of PCOD
The cause of PCOD is still unknown. However, some factors are unique to the condition:
- Usually, your ovaries make female sex hormones and low amounts of male sex hormones (androgens). It helps regulate the normal development of eggs in your ovaries during every menstrual cycle.
- PCOD is related to an imbalance in your regular sex hormones. In PCOD, your sex hormones start making slightly more androgens. It may cause you to stop ovulating, get pimples, grow extra facial and body hair as well.
- Follicles are sac-like structures within your ovaries that contain eggs. Usually, one or more eggs are released during each of your menstrual cycles. This is called ovulation.
- In PCOD, the eggs in these follicles do not mature. So, they are not released from the ovaries. Instead, they can produce tiny cysts in your ovary, hence the name polycystic ovaries.
- PCOD seems to run in families. The chance of having it is higher if some women in your family have PCOD, irregular periods, or diabetes
Symptoms of PCOD
Watch out for the following common signs of Polycystic Ovarian Disorder:
- Irregular periods, which occur every 2 to 3 months (amenorrhea)
- Heavy bleeding (Menorrhagia)
- Unusual hair growth (hirsutism)
- Stubborn acne that does not heal with regular treatments. It happens due to excess peripheral androgen.
- Uncontrolled weight gain, especially around your waist area
- Pigmentation or darkening of your skin around the neck region
- Male-pattern baldness
You can have one or all these symptoms.
You may be lean or have clear skin but might still suffer from PCOD. It is because PCOD is an endocrine disorder that affects several systems in your body.
Complications in PCOD
Uncontrolled PCOD leads to numerous problems in conceiving, increased risk for early type 2 diabetes.
If you get pregnant with an uncontrolled PCOD, you may be at an increased risk for perinatal complications. It involves pre-eclampsia and gestational diabetes.
Furthermore, you can have an increased long-term risk of endometrial cancers. Other complications can also include increased cholesterol levels and high blood pressure.
Do not worry; these complications may not occur if you take proper treatments and control your condition.
Treatment of PCOD
There is no permanent cure for PCOD yet. However, you can control the disease by making lifestyle modifications. You may also have to take a multidisciplinary approach. It involves the dietitian, gynaecologist, and other experts for treatment.
The best way you can control and manage PCOD is by ensuring proper weight management. Even a 5% loss in weight can help a lot in treating the condition. So, try to do exercise regularly and maintain a healthy diet.
Your diet should be low on sugars and carbohydrates. Eat foods rich in protein and fibre; this will manage your weight and reduce PCOD symptoms.
You can do PCOD treatment based on its symptoms. Birth control pills and other medicines can help regulate the menstrual cycle. It will treat PCOD symptoms such as acne and hair growth.
If these treatments do not work, the specialist may suggest surgery. Ovarian drilling procedure helps to restore regular ovulation.
However, you must remember that no medication or treatment will help without proper lifestyle changes.
PCOD and Pregnancy
Getting pregnant is not a problem if PCOD is under control. However, if you control your disease poorly, you would require medications. In a severe case, you may require assisted reproductive technology (ART).
Also, if you have PCOD, your ovarian capacity becomes limited and does not produce healthy eggs. So, we suggest you opt for an early pregnancy if you want children. It is because advancing age affects the quality of the eggs adversely.
PCOD is not a major problem to worry about as long as you keep it under control. So, consult a gynecologist in Gurgaon. They can guide you and prepare a treatment plan for the proper management of your condition.